准确的英语:一个完整的发音课Accurate English: A Complete Course in Pronunciation by Rebecca M. Dauer

Accurate English: A Complete Course in PronunciationPreface vi
前言六
Overview and Suggested Plan vi
概述和建议方案六
Types of Exercises ix How to Use Audio Tapes x
练习类型九如何使用录音带
1Introduction 1
1引言1
1.1The Speech Process
1.1语音处理
1.2 Language Variation 3
1.2语言变体3
1.3Self-Analysis 4
1.3自我分析4
1.4Diagnostic Speech Sample 6
1.4诊断语音样本6
1.5Analysis of Problems 8
1.5问题分析8
2 The Phonetic Alphabet 12
2拼音字母12
2.1English Spelling /2
2.1英语拼写/2
2.2 The Phonetic Alphabet 13
2.2拼音13
3 Vowel Overview 2
3元音概述2
3.1Production of Vowels 2
3.1元音的产生2
3.2 American English Vowel Sounds 28
3.2美式英语元音28
3.3 American English Vowel Sounds in Sentences 29
3.3句子中的美式英语元音29
4 Vowels in Detail 3
4个元音细节3
5 Review of the Phonetic Alphabet and Vowels 53
5语音字母和元音复习53
5.1Review Exercises 53
5.1复习练习53
5.2Dialogues for Vowels 57
5.2元音对话57
iv CONTENTS
四、内容
6 Stress 6
6应力6
6.1Stressed and Unstressed Syllables 6
6.1重音和非重音音节6
6.2 Vowel Reduction 62
6.2元音缩减62
6.3Dividing Words into Sylables 65
6.3将单词划分为词组65
6.4 Stress Placement in Words of Two or More Syllables 67
6.4两个或两个以上音节单词的重音位置67
7 Stress(Advanced)73
7压力(高级)73
7.1Stress and Vowel Reduction in Noun-Verb Word Pairs 73
7.1名动词对中的重音和元音减少73
7.2Alternation of Reduced and Full Vowels 79
7.2缩略元音和全元音的交替79
7.3 Disappearing Syllables 81
7.3音节消失81
8 Rhythm 83
8节奏83
8.1Stress in One-Syllable Words 83
8.1单音节单词的重音83
8.2Weak Forms: Reducing Function Words 88
8.2弱形式:减少虚词88
8.3 Rhythmic Grouping: Pausing and Linking 95
8.3节奏分组:停顿和连接95
9Rhythm(Advanced)119.1Breaking the Rules 11
9节奏(高级)119.1打破规则11
9.2 Words with Variable Stress 15
9.2变重音单词15
1 Stress in Compound Nouns 17
1复合名词中的重音17
1.1Compound Nouns 17
1.1复合名词17
1.2 Introduction to Intonation 19
1.2语调介绍19
1.3 Compound Versus Non-compound Constructions(Advanced)/11
1.3复合结构与非复合结构(高级)/11
11Review of Stress and Rhythm 11411.1Reading Pasages 114
11压力和节奏回顾11411.1阅读Pasages 114
11.2 Review Exercises 116
11.2复习练习116
12 Consonant Overview 119
12辅音概述119
12.1Production of Consonants 12
12.1辅音的产生12
12.2American English Consonant Sounds 13
12.2美英辅音13
12.3American English Consonant Sounds in Sentences 1.32
12.3句子中的美英辅音1.32
13Differences Between Voiced and Voiceless Consonants 133
13浊音和清音辅音之间的差异133
13.1 Aspiration of Initial Voiceless Stops /p tk/133
13.1吸入初始清音停止/p tk/133
13.2Vowel Length and Final Consonants 138
13.2元音长度和最后辅音138
13.3 Final Voiceless Consonants 14
13.3最后清音辅音14
13.4North American English /t/(Advanced)142
13.4北美英语/t/(高级)142
13.5 Exercises for Voiced and Voiceless Consonants 144
13.5清浊辅音练习144
14<ed> and <s>Endings 14714.1Adding <ed>147
14<ed>和<s>结尾14714.1添加<ed>147
14.2Adding <s>153
14.2添加<s>153
14.3 Consonant Groups 1.59
14.3辅音组1.59
16 Intonation 219
16语调219
16.1 Intonation and Sentence Stress 219
16.1语调和句子重音219
16.2 Neutral Pitch Patterns 223
16.2中性节距模式223
16.3 Moving Sentence Stress 23
16.3动句重音23
16.4 Changing the Pitch Pattern 234
16.4改变音高模式234
16.5Choice Questions and Tag Questions(Advanced)2.38
16.5选择问题和附加问题(高级)2.38
16.6 Dialogues for Intonation 24
16.6语调对话24
16.6 Dialogues for Intonation 240
For Further Reading 242
供进一步阅读242
Glossary 243
词汇表243
Index 245
索引245

 

American English

Accurate English is a textbook and reference guide to the pronunciation of English in North America as it is spoken by educated native speakers in fluent speech.
《精确英语》是北美英语发音的教科书和参考指南,因为受过良好教育的母语人士能流利地说英语。
The vowels, consonants, rhythm, and intonation of American English are taught using the principles of articulatory phonetics.
美国英语的元音、辅音、节奏和语调是用发音语音学的原理来教授的。
Students are led to discover these principles through experimentingwith their own vocal tracts, using kinesthetic, visual, and auditory feedback.
Accurate English is a textbook and reference guide to the pronunciation of English in North America as it is spoken by educated native speakers in fluent speech.

Theory is reinforced by numerous practice exercises working up from phrases to dialogues, reading passages, and oral presentations.
从短语到对话、阅读短文和口头陈述的大量实践练习强化了这一理论。

In addition, spelling patterns for ordinary words, academic words, and exceptions, as well as rules for stress placement, are included.
此外,还包括普通单词、学术单词和例外情况的拼写模式,以及重音设置规则。《精确英语》是北美英语发音的教科书和参考指南,因为受过良好教育的母语人士能流利地说英语。

The goal of thisbook is to enable students to improve their pronunciation of English so that they can be understood effortlessly by native speakers in both formal and informal situations.这本书的目的是使学生提高他们的英语发音,使他们可以毫不费力地理解母语人士在正式和非正式的情况。

The focuson English as it is actualy spoken, including reductions, simplifications, and regional variations, also helps to improve listening comprehension.

把重点放在英语的实际口语上,包括减少、简化和地区差异,也有助于提高听力理解

Simple imitation is not sufficient for many adults to overcome the speech patterns of their native language.
A student’s cognitive abilities also need to be involved. Through understanding the sound system of English and developing self-awareness, students are given the means to improve their accent.
学生的认知能力也需要参与其中。通过对英语语音系统的理解和自我意识的培养,使学生掌握提高口音的方法。

The teacher is a helper in this process, by providing a model, appropriate feedback, and an environment that promotes self-discovery.
在这个过程中,教师是一个助手,通过提供一个模型、适当的反馈和一个促进自我发现的环境。

Change, however, comes from within the individual. It takes motivation, practice, and time
然而,变化来自个人内部。它需要动力、练习和时间

Hopefully, the knowledge and methods students gain from this book will enable them to continue to improve their English in the future.
希望学生们从这本书中获得的知识和方法能使他们在将来继续提高英语水平

This book is designed primarily for adults who are non-native speakers of English, including undergraduates, graduates
The vowels, consonants, rhythm, and intonation of American English are taught using the principles of articulatory phonetics.
college-bound students, professionals, and English as a Second Language(ESL) teachers-in short, anyone who wants to achieve a near-native accent.
大学生,专业人士,英语作为第二语言(ESL)教师简言之,任何人谁想要实现一个接近母语口音。
It is appropriate for those who are already living in the United States or Canada, who plan to come, or who need to communicate extensively with Americans or Canadians abroad.

它适合那些已经在美国或加拿大生活,计划来,或需要与国外的美国人或加拿大人广泛交流的人。
美国英语的元音、辅音、节奏和语调是用发音语音学的原理来教授的。
Language teachers, teacher trainers, and speech therapists will also find this text to be a useful reference for understanding present-day English as it is actually spoken.
语言教师、教师培训师和言语治疗师也会发现这篇文章对于理解今天的英语是一个有用的参考。

北美英语发音教科书
The level of the book is intermediate through advanced (TOEFL 475 and above).
这本书的水平是中级到高级(托福475及以上)。

It assumes no previous knowledge of phonetics. Terminology is reduced to a minimum; all technical terms and words that might not be familiar to intermediate students are clearly defined.
The International Phonetic Alphabet is used as a teaching aid, but the goal is for learners to be able to read standard orthography.
国际音标是用来作为教学辅助,但目标是学习者能够阅读标准的正字法。

The book can be used as the main text in a semester-long pronunciation course, as a supplemental text in a listening-speaking, teacher-training,
本书可作为一学期语音课程的主课文,也可作为听、说、教师培训的补充课文,

or speech communication course, as a teacher resource book, or by students engaged in independent study with a tutor.
或语音交流课程,作为教师资源书,或由学生在导师的指导下进行自主学习。

Accurate English was written with flexibility in mind. It is divided into introductorymaterial and four main areas-vowels, stress and rhythm, consonants, and intonation.
准确的英语写得很灵活。它分为导言材料和四个主要领域元音,重音和节奏,辅音和语调。

These areas are to some extent independent, and the suggested order does not need to be followed, except that stress should precede intonation.
Students are led to discover these principles through experimentingwith their own vocal tracts, using kinesthetic, visual, and auditory feedback.
Important points are recycled and included in review chapters. Chapters are broken down into short sections that can be covered in a 5minute period or les.
重要的观点被循环并包含在回顾章节中。章节被分解成短的部分,可以在5分钟或更长的时间内完成。
A variety of oral and written tasks are included in each lesson to
每节课都包括各种口头和书面任务,以便

Accurate English is a textbook and reference guide to the pronunciation of English in North America as it is spoken by educated native speakers in fluent speech.
Theory is reinforced by numerous practice exercises working up from phrases to dialogues, reading passages, and oral presentations.
从短语到对话、阅读短文和口头陈述的大量实践练习强化了这一理论。

In addition, spelling patterns for ordinary words, academic words, and exceptions, as well as rules for stress placement, are included.
此外,还包括普通单词、学术单词和例外情况的拼写模式,以及重音设置规则。

Alternatively, teachers may decide to wait until questions on those points arise in class and then go over them.
或者,教师可以决定等到课堂上出现关于这些问题的时候再复习。

In Chaps.4 and 15, which cover the vowels and consonants in detail, only those sounds that present difficulties need to be covered.
在第4章和第15章中,详细介绍了元音和辅音,只有那些有困难的发音需要被介绍。

精确英语
Overcoming the habits of one’s native language, in pronunciation as well as in other areas of language learning, is not easy.
克服母语的习惯,无论是在发音方面还是在语言学习的其他方面,都不是一件容易的事。

It requires understanding, intensive practice, and the desire to change.
它需要理解、深入的实践和改变的欲望。

Students may achieve a certain level of communicative competence in everyday situations but still not be well understood by native speakers in an intellectual discussion.
Theory is reinforced by numerous practice exercises working up from phrases to dialogues, reading passages, and oral presentations.
Understanding might require a great deal of strain on the part of listeners.
理解可能需要听者承受很大的压力。

Even if they are understood, non-native speakers with a heavy accent may not gain respect and may find it difficult to advance in their careers. Both fluency and accuracy are necessary.
即使他们被理解了,口音很重的非母语人士也可能得不到尊重,而且在职业生涯中也很难取得进步。流利和准确都是必要的。

Overview and Suggested Plan INTRODUCTION AND DIAGNOSTIC SPEECH SAMPLE(Chapter 1)
从短语到对话、阅读短文和口头陈述的大量实践练习强化了这一理论。
概述和建议方案介绍和诊断语音示例(第1章)

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