What is grammar?
Writing good English
What is punctuation?
Letters and sounds
Consonants and their phonemes and graphemes
Vowels and their phonemes and graphemes
Digraphs and trigraphs
Adding endings to words
Adding prefixes and suffixes
Common endings in words
Choosing between endings
Words ending in ough
Some very common words that you have to know
How to improve your spelling
How to use the Spelling Dictionary
Collins Primary Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling has been designed
to support all pupils who are studying grammar, punctuation and spelling
from age 7 to 11, whether this is for exams or to revise the key building
blocks of the English language.
It contains the rules and advice that will help students get to grips with
these essential aspects of the English language. There are clear, easy-to follow explanations of how grammar works, what punctuation does, and
how to spell correctly. Each section – grammar, punctuation and spelling –
is laid out in an open, attractive design that guides the user easily through
the information provided. Dozens of examples show exactly how the rules
of English work.
The final section is a dictionary list of words that pupils must know how to
spell. These have been specially selected for this age group based on real life experience from Spelling Bees conducted by Collins Dictionaries. The
words are written out in full, with their word class clearly shown, along
with any other forms such as plurals, comparatives and superlatives, and
inflections – all of which are also written in full, making it easy for the
pupil to understand. Many helpful tips on spelling are also included
throughout the spelling dictionary section to make learning easier.
Collins Primary Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling is an indispensable
guide to the structure and rules of English, offering clear and accessible
guidance for pupils from age 7 to 11.
A noun is a word that names something. In a sentence, the nouns are the
words that tell you which people, places or things are involved.
There are different kinds of nouns.
These nouns are used to name every example of a certain type of thing.
They start with a small letter.
The possessive (which is sometimes called the possessive case) is used to
show that a person or thing owns another person or thing. You add ’s to the
end of the noun that is the owner:You don’t use ’s to make a plural noun. It is only used for showing the
An adjective is a word that tells you something about a noun. Adjectives
can describe nouns in a number of ways:
how they feel or what they are like:
Comparative adjectives and superlative adjectives
When you want to make a comparison between people or things, you need
to use comparative or superlative adjectives. In the examples below, taller
is the comparative form of tall and tallest is the superlative.
The comparative shows that a person or thing has more of a certain quality
than another person or thing. In this case it is the quality of being tall.
You make the comparative form of an adjective by adding the suffix-er at
An adverb is a word that tells you something about a verb. They describe
the way in which something is done. Many adverbs end with the letters ‑ly.
Some adverbs tell you how:
A preposition is a word that is used before a noun or a pronoun to describe
how things are related or connected to each other. For example, prepositions
can tell you:
A conjunction is a word that is used to join two words or two parts of a
sentence together. There are two main types of conjunction.
A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun. You use a pronoun
instead of repeating the name of a person, place or thing:
You use a relative pronoun instead of a noun to join two different parts of a
sentence. The relative pronouns are who, whom, whose, which and that.
They introduce information about a noun in an earlier part of the sentence.
This noun is known as the antecedent. You use who, whom and whose
when the antecedent is a person, and which and that when it is not a
A colourful revision guide in 4 separate sections for the KS2 literacy skills test for Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling including a Dictionary section with the most difficult words to spell with hints and tips on how to remember the key points.
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