DK全球视觉系列 how to be a coder learn to think like a coder with fun activitishow to be a coder learn to think like a coder with fun activitis 如何成为一名程序员像程序员一样思考并有趣的活动

How the book works In How to be a Coder, you will learn how to think and act like a coder. The book is full of fun activities that can be done at home, as well as simple programs, and information on some of the most famous coders of all time
这本书的工作原理是如何成为一名编码员,你将学会如何像编码员一样思考和行动。这本书充满了有趣的活动,可以在家里做,以及简单的程序,和信息的一些最著名的程序员的所有时间

Awesome activities Look in the beginning of the book to find exciting offline activities that let you discover the ideas that are important to coding. These examples don’t require a computer, but they will help you prepare to write programs.
棒极了的活动看看书的开头,找到令人兴奋的离线活动,让你发现对编码很重要的想法。这些示例不需要计算机,但它们将帮助您准备编写程序。

Safety first All of the projects in this book should be done with care. If you see this symbol at the top of a page, it means that you will need an adult to help you with the activity.
安全第一本书中的所有项目都应该小心进行。如果你在页面顶部看到这个符号,这意味着你需要一个成年人来帮助你完成这个活动。

Getting ready You can do many of the projects in this book right away. Most of the craft projects can be done with items you have at home and the coding projects just need a computer and an internet connection.
准备好后,你可以马上完成本书中的许多项目。大多数手工艺项目都可以用你家里的东西来完成,而编码项目只需要一台电脑和一个互联网连接。

Thinking like a coder Coders have all kinds of talents. One thing that most coders share, however, is a love of problem- solving. If you want to think like a coder, keep these things in mind:
像编码员一样思考编码员有各种各样的才能。然而,大多数程序员都喜欢解决问题。如果你想像编码员一样思考,请记住以下几点:

Coders think ahead. Programs can be complicated, so it is helpful to know what you want at the start. Coders break things down. By taking one piece of a plan at a time, you can try different things without changing the rest of your program.
编码员超前思考。程序可能很复杂,所以一开始就知道你想要什么很有帮助。编码员把事情分解了。通过一次只做一个计划,你可以尝试不同的事情,而不必改变你计划的其他部分。
Coders are imaginative. Start by imagining what your code will do before you make it. This will help you think of different types of program to create. Coders are careful.
编码员很有想象力。开始想象你的代码在你做之前会做什么。这将帮助您考虑创建不同类型的程序。编码员很小心。
One little mistake can keep your whole program from working, so always check your code twice.
一个小小的错误就可能使整个程序无法运行,所以一定要检查代码两次。
Coders solve mysteries. When something is not right, see if you can find any clues about what went wrong. Coders are persistent. Decide to try again. Try over and over.
编码员解开谜团。当事情不对劲的时候,看看你是否能找到任何关于哪里出了问题的线索。编码器是持久的。决定再试一次。反复尝试。
If you quit too soon, it will be hard to learn anything new. Coders don’t give up. If something doesn’t work out, don’t worry. Everyone makes mistakes! You can still end up with something you’re proud of in the end.
如果你过早辞职,就很难学到新东西。编码员不会放弃。如果出了问题,别担心。每个人都会犯错!你最终还是可以得到你引以为豪的东西。

Origami algorithm An algorithm is a list of steps that tells you what to do. A recipe is an algorithm and sheet music is an algorithm, too.
折纸算法算法是一个步骤列表,告诉你该做什么。食谱是一种算法,乐谱也是一种算法。
Algorithms are the first step in planning a computer program. Did you know that you can follow an algorithm to make an origami boat?
算法是规划计算机程序的第一步。你知道你可以按照一个算法来做折纸船吗?

Ada Lovelace Mathematician • Born 1815 • From the United Kingdom
阿达•洛夫莱斯数学家•1815年出生•来自英国

Ada Lovelace was the daughter of the famous poet Lord Byron. Though her mother discouraged her from studying poetry, Lovelace found an outlet for her imagination in mathematics and technology. She believed both could change the future.
艾达·洛夫蕾丝是著名诗人拜伦勋爵的女儿。虽然母亲不鼓励她学习诗歌,但洛夫蕾丝在数学和科技方面找到了一个发泄想象力的出口。她相信两者都能改变未来。
Charles Babbage Lovelace met inventor Charles Babbage when she was 17, and they became good friends. He had designed the “analytical engine”—a mechanical machine that could be programmed to solve tricky calculations.
查尔斯·巴贝奇·洛夫蕾丝17岁时认识了发明家查尔斯·巴贝奇,他们成了好朋友。他设计了“分析引擎”——一种可以通过编程解决棘手计算的机械机器。
The machine was not built in his lifetime, but Lovelace was still fascinated with its potential uses.
这台机器不是他有生之年造的,但洛夫莱丝仍然对它的潜在用途着迷。

Paper pixels Pixels are the tiny squares of colored light that make up your screen. If you zoom in on an image on a computer, you’ll see that it’s actually made up of many single-colored blocks.
纸张像素是构成屏幕的彩色光的小正方形。如果你放大电脑上的图像,你会发现它实际上是由许多单色块组成的。
Try following these steps to make a pixel image with paper!
试着按照以下步骤用纸做一个像素图像!

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