DK butterflies and moths Explore nature with fun facts and activities蝴蝶和飞蛾 通过有趣的事实和活动探索自然

Butterflies and moths
蝴蝶和飞蛾
You can spot butterflies and moths fluttering around parks, gardens, and just about anywhere that has wildflowers. Colorful flowers attract lots of butterflies, and you can watch them as they feed on nectar. Look for moths flying around streetlights at night.
你可以看到蝴蝶和飞蛾在公园、花园和任何有野花的地方飞舞。五颜六色的花朵吸引了许多蝴蝶,你可以看到它们以花蜜为食。晚上在路灯周围寻找飞蛾。
Beautiful butterfly See how many different colors you can find on the wings of a butterfly. Look at the undersides too—the colors are often completely different! You can recognize this painted lady butterfly by the black and white spots on its
美丽的蝴蝶看看你能在蝴蝶的翅膀上找到多少不同的颜色。看看下面的颜色也往往是完全不同的!你可以通过蝴蝶身上的黑白斑点认出这只彩绘的女士蝴蝶

Nighttime flier
夜间飞行员
Moths are mostly nighttime fliers, but you can also spot them resting on walls, fences, and tree trunks during the day. Most moths are dull colored, but this Jersey tiger moth is unusually bright. Its front wings are striped just like a tiger.
飞蛾大多是夜间飞行的,但你也可以在白天看到它们栖息在墙壁、栅栏和树干上。大多数蛾子颜色暗淡,但这种泽西虎蛾却异常明亮。它的前翅上有条纹,就像一只老虎。

A closer look A magnifying glass lets you look at butterflies, moths, and their young (caterpillars) in great detail—up to 10 times bigger than they really are. If you want to pick up a caterpillar from its leaf for a closer look, be sure to use a paintbrush so you do not harm it with your fingers.
近距离观察放大镜可以让你更详细地观察蝴蝶、蛾子和它们的幼仔(毛毛虫),它们的大小是它们实际大小的10倍。如果你想从毛虫的叶子上捡起它仔细观察,一定要用画笔,这样你就不会用手指伤害它。

Which is which?
哪个是哪个?
They do not crawl like ants and beetles, but butterflies and moths are insects just the same. They belong to the insect group Lepidoptera, which means scaly wings.
它们不像蚂蚁和甲虫那样爬行,但蝴蝶和飞蛾也是昆虫。它们属于鳞翅目昆虫类群,意思是鳞翅。
Most butterflies are colorful, while moths are normally dull. Moths mostly have thick, hairy bodies, and feathery antennae (feelers), whereas butterfly antennae are long and thin.
大多数蝴蝶都是彩色的,而蛾子通常是暗的。蛾子的身体大多厚而多毛,触角(触角)羽毛状,而蝴蝶的触角又长又细。

Wondrous wings
奇妙的翅膀
Butterflies and moths have one thing that no other insects have— scales on their wings. Thousands of tiny scales are delicately arranged on the wings to give them color.
蝴蝶和飞蛾有一件其他昆虫没有的东西——翅膀上的鳞片。成千上千的小鳞片被巧妙地排列在翅膀上,赋予它们颜色。
Wings carry color-coded messages that help deter enemies and attract mates. Wings of some butterflies flash bright colors in the face of danger to startle predators.
翅膀带有彩色编码信息,有助于阻止敌人和吸引配偶。一些蝴蝶的翅膀在面对危险时会闪着鲜艳的颜色,以惊吓捕食者。

Make a butterfly
做一只蝴蝶
Butterfly and moth wings look very thin and fragile, but they are really quite strong. A network of veins supports the wings just like the plastic rods in a kite.
蝴蝶和蛾子的翅膀看起来很薄很脆弱,但它们确实很强壮。一个血管网支撑着翅膀,就像风筝中的塑料棒一样。
You can make your own butterfly or moth kite and decorate the wings with colorful patterns. You’ll need paper, scissors, glue, markers, paper straws, and string
你可以制作自己的蝴蝶或蛾子风筝,并用彩色图案装饰翅膀。你需要用纸、剪刀、胶水、记号笔、吸管和绳子

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