DK castles Conquer the uworld’s most impressive castles世界上最令人印象深刻的城堡

Fort
堡垒
During wars, defensive buildings were needed to protect the lands around them and also to act as a base from which attacks could be launched. Forts were strong military buildings, but they weren’t used as homes for nobles like castles were.
在战争期间,需要防御建筑来保护周围的土地,并作为发动攻击的基地。堡垒是坚固的军事建筑,但它们不像城堡那样被用作贵族的家园。 What is a castle?
什么是城堡?

Medieval castle Castles have been built for hundreds of years, but perhaps the most familiar are those built in Europe toward the end of the Middle Ages.
中世纪城堡已经建造了数百年,但最常见的可能是中世纪末期在欧洲建造的城堡。
These medieval castles, such as Bodiam Castle in England, often have stone walls, tall towers, moats, and drawbridges.
这些中世纪城堡,如英格兰的博迪姆城堡,通常有石墙、高塔、护城河和吊桥。

very much, building styles changed over time. New tools and materials made it easier to construct better and stronger fortresses. Castle designs also had to adapt to the development of new weapons and military strategies, to keep inhabitants safe.
建筑风格随着时间的推移发生了很大的变化。新的工具和材料使建造更好更坚固的堡垒变得更容易。城堡的设计还必须适应新武器和军事战略的发展,以确保居民的安全。 an early spring morning in Wales, people were already bustling about the castle of Hen Domen. From lighting fires to tending the fields, there was plenty to do.
威尔士一个早春的早晨,人们已经在亨多曼城堡里忙碌起来。从点火到照料田地,有很多事情要做。
Hen Domen’s keep sat high on a huge hill of piled-up soil called a motte, next to a courtyard enclosed by a protective outer wall—the bailey.
亨多曼的城堡高高地坐落在一座巨大的土堆山上,这座土堆被称为莫特山,旁边是一个庭院,庭院由一道保护性的外墙——贝利墙围起来。
Motte and bailey castles were formidable, but not too challenging to build. Hen Domen was newly constructed, so craftspeople were busy creating homes for the new residents.
莫特城堡和贝利城堡令人望而生畏,但建造起来并不太具有挑战性。汉多门是新建的,所以工匠们正忙着为新居民建造房屋。 A frosty flight
寒冷的飞行
By winter, Stephen’s army had surrounded Oxford Castle and trapped Empress Matilda inside. Matilda and her surviving soldiers were huddled within the thick walls of St.
到了冬天,斯蒂芬的军队已经包围了牛津城堡,并将玛蒂尔达皇后困在里面。马蒂尔达和她幸存的士兵们蜷缩在圣彼得堡的厚墙里。
George’s Tower watching their supplies dwindle by the day. However, the newly frozen river gave them an idea for a risky but clever escape plan.
乔治的塔看着他们的补给一天比一天减少。然而,新结冰的河流给了他们一个冒险而聪明的逃生计划。
In the dead of night, the empress and three of her closest knights sneaked out of the castle walls.
在夜深人静的时候,皇后和她最亲近的三位骑士从城堡的围墙里溜了出来。 Pheasant
野鸡
Castle cooks often made elaborate dishes to surprise and amaze the guests. A roasted pheasant, for example, might be adorned with its own tail feathers.
城堡厨师经常精心制作菜肴,以使客人感到惊讶和惊奇。例如,烤野鸡可能会用自己的尾羽来装饰。

Ballista The ballista was a supersized crossbow. This device, first used by the ancient Greeks in around 400 BCE, could sling heavy objects a long way.
弩弩弩是一把超大的弩。这种装置在公元前400年左右首次被古希腊人使用,可以将重物长距离吊起。

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