DK Philosophy a Visual Encyclopedia哲学彩图视觉百科全书-悠悠乐英语资源站

About this book
关于这本书
Throughout history, people have wondered about the world around them and their own place in it. They have puzzled over what is real. They have discussed what it means to know and believe things.
纵观历史,人们对他们周围的世界和他们自己在其中的位置感到好奇。他们对什么是真实的感到困惑。他们讨论了知道和相信事物意味着什么。
They have argued about the nature of truth. They have asked what it means to lead a good life. And through wondering about all these things, they have tried to understand the world more fully. Philosophy is about asking these big questions about life, so that we can deepen our understanding and act more wisely.
他们就真理的本质进行了辩论。他们问过过过好生活意味着什么。通过对所有这些事情的思考,他们试图更全面地了解这个世界。哲学就是要问一些关于生活的大问题,这样我们才能加深我们的理解,更明智地行动。

A LOVE OF WISDOM
对智慧的热爱
Whenever people look at the world with fresh eyes, think things through more clearly, and ask new questions, they are practicing philosophy. The word “philosophy” comes from a Greek word meaning “the love of wisdom.”
每当人们以新的眼光看待世界,更清晰地思考问题,提出新的问题时,他们都在实践哲学。“哲学”一词来自希腊语,意思是“对智慧的热爱”
But although the word is Greek, philosophy happens all over the world, and in very different civilizations. In some cultures philosophers have always written their ideas down, while in others ideas have been passed on by word of mouth. There are many separate traditions of philosophy around the world.
但是,尽管这个词是希腊语,哲学发生在世界各地,在非常不同的文明。在某些文化中,哲学家总是把他们的思想写下来,而在另一些文化中,思想是通过口耳相传的。世界上有许多不同的哲学传统。

DIFFERENT TRADITIONS
不同的传统
Some of the world’s major philosophical traditions are found in India, China, and across Europe and the Middle East. Philosophers such as Siddhaˉrtha Gautama in India, Confucius in China, Ibn Sıˉnaˉ in Persia, and many ancient Greek thinkers, have left a strong mark on history.
世界上一些主要的哲学传统存在于印度、中国以及整个欧洲和中东。印度的西格达·乔塔马、中国的孔子、波斯的伊本·斯切纳以及许多古希腊思想家等哲学家在历史上留下了深刻的印记。
Their thinking has shaped the cultures of Asia, Europe, and beyond. But philosophy is not limited to these traditions. It happens wherever people wonder about the world around them.
他们的思想塑造了亚洲、欧洲和其他地区的文化。但哲学并不局限于这些传统。它发生在人们对周围世界感到好奇的地方。

PHILOSOPHY AND BELIEF
哲学与信仰
The world’s cultures are rich in the traditions of myth and religion. These belief systems, like philosophy, can help people to make sense of their place in the world and decide what is right and wrong.
世界文化中有着丰富的神话和宗教传统。这些信仰体系,就像哲学一样,可以帮助人们理解自己在世界上的位置,判断什么是对的,什么是错的。
Reason plays a part in many religions, but beliefs are often viewed as matters of faith—they are taken on trust. Philosophers must rely on reason alone to investigate beliefs.
理性在许多宗教中都扮演着一个角色,但信仰往往被视为信仰的问题,因为他们被信任。哲学家必须仅依靠理性来研究信仰。

REASONING ABOUT REASON
推理
All the different branches of human knowledge use reasoning (the ability to think things through) to understand the world. Sciences such as physics, chemistry, and biology combine observation, experiment, and reasoning to understand the natural world.
人类知识的所有不同分支都使用推理(思考事物的能力)来理解世界。物理、化学和生物学等科学结合观察、实验和推理来理解自然世界。
But what makes philosophers different is that they often step back to ask questions that scientists don’t ask: What is reason? What does it mean to understand? Philosophers don’t just use reason as a tool. They go further, and even reason about the ability to reason itself.
但哲学家们的不同之处在于,他们常常退后一步,提出科学家们没有提出的问题:什么是理性?理解意味着什么?哲学家不仅仅把理性当作工具。他们走得更远,甚至是关于推理能力的推理。

WHY PHILOSOPHY MATTERS
为什么哲学很重要
Learning about philosophy helps people to think and reason more clearly. It encourages you to ask deeper questions about the world.
学习哲学有助于人们更清楚地思考和推理。它鼓励你对这个世界提出更深层次的问题。
It gives insights into your own culture and its traditions, and the cultures and traditions of others. And it can help you find your own solutions to the question of what it means to lead a good life.
它让你深入了解自己的文化和传统,以及其他人的文化和传统。它可以帮助你找到自己的解决方案,来解决过好生活意味着什么的问题。

本资源包含内容:【DK Philosophy a Visual Encyclopedia】高清pdf哲学科普② Philosophy
DK ancyclopedia
DK children’s Encyclopedia
DK儿童百科全书②DK出版读物
DK新视觉③DK系列

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