Wood has been fundamental to the development and survival of humankind throughout history.
Trees have provided us with the essentials for living—oxygen, food, warmth, medicine, and shelter—as well as offering the raw ingredients for key markers of cultural progress,
such as paper, furniture, musical instruments, and works of art. Even today, in a world of sophisticated technology and materials, we still use wood for much of our work on buildings and furniture, because of its versatility, beauty, practicality, and availability.
例如纸张、家具、乐器和艺术品。即使在今天，在一个技术和材料复杂的世界里，由于木材的多功能性、美观性、实用性和可用性，我们仍然在建筑和家具上使用木材。Because of this long tradition, wooden furniture has a rich and diverse heritage of styles, while examples that are centuries old can be found all around us, everywhere from auctions and antiques shops to museums and galleries.
This range of styles and sense of tradition and craftsmanship offer the modern woodworker an inspirational archive to draw upon, whether designing or constructing their own pieces.
这一系列的风格、传统感和工艺感为现代木工提供了一个鼓舞人心的档案，无论是设计还是建造自己的作品。 Creating furniture by hand is a skill that has to an extent been supplanted by the development of power tools and machinery, yet the importance of using hand tools cannot be underestimated.
Tools may have advanced in sophistication throughout history, but the fundamentals of woodworking have not changed significantly over the centuries, and this age-old craft is still the cornerstone of all furniture making. Of course, it is possible to make furniture entirely by machine, but this requires a large workshop and a very large wallet.
By contrast, hand skills allow you to create furniture within a limited space and with a limited budget, while experiencing the pleasure of working closely with wood to craft an object of your choice.
相比之下，手艺可以让你在有限的空间和有限的预算内制作家具，同时体验与木材紧密合作的乐趣，打造出你选择的物品。 In this second edition, Woodworking continues to celebrate the joys of creating furniture. It provides a core grounding in the fundamental woodworking skills and techniques and the use of both hand and power tools; it shows you how to set up a workshop that is compatible with your budget and space;
it showcases a catalog of the various types of woods available and their individual working properties; and it presents you with achievable, yet challenging, projects. Whether you are a novice or more experienced in the art of carpentry, Woodworking is an essential addition to your bookshelf.
Much of the pleasure of woodworking comes from the appreciation of the many tools used.
Handling and using a metal hand plane, for example, should be enjoyable—the way the crisp wood shavings curl up from a workpiece is a pure delight to the woodworking devotee. Equally, a carving gouge should be a joy to work with, and even a hammer or a power drill are beautiful objects in their own right.
That said, tools are enjoyable (and safe) to use only if they are well balanced and are kept clean and sharp. It is also important to always use the correct tool for the task at hand.
Saws Saws are an essential part of every woodworker’s tool kit. Saw blades have serrated edges called “teeth,” which are bent at an angle and set to alternate sides. When cutting through wood, the teeth create a slot, or “kerf,” that is wider than the blade. This helps the blade move freely through the wood without getting stuck. There are many different types of saws—such as panel saws (opposite), back saws (p.16), and coping saws (p.17)—each designed for specific woodworking tasks. Coping saws, for example, are used for cutting curves. Western (or European) saws cut on the “push” stroke, whereas Japanese saws (p.17) cut on the “pull” stroke.
国家地理英文教材练习册_DK原版书籍_剑桥牛津杂志桥梁书-悠悠乐英语资源 » DK woodworking the complete step-by-step manual tools techniques woods projects